The indictments follows the arrests of five people and searches of thirteen locations in California and Texas on 6 October 2005 as part of 'Operation Remaster', which aimed to break up a huge piracy ring.
According to the Attorney of the District of Northern California, the men were planning piracy on a grand scale. In order to copy a disc, a piece of equipment known as a 'stamper' is used. One of these stamper machines can potentially manufacture 50,000 to 80,000 counterfeit CDs or DVDs. The defendants were discovered with 2,000 of these devices.
As part of Operation Remaster as a whole, more than 500,000 CDs and over one million CD inserts were seized, along with thousands of DVDs and 3,300 stampers. The Recording Industry Association of America estimates that a conservative value of one infringing music stamper is $25,000 and thus the people involved in the operation stood to make millions.
Affidavits filed as supporting evidence say that all three men were implicated in large-scale replication of pirated music from Latin artists popular in California. Wen and He were also involved in pirating anti-virus software manufactured by Symantec.